United States fliers shot down over North China This is a simplified explanation, but it will probably help make some sense of the AG role. No It's not. Had he died in , he would still have been a great man but flawed. After the July Whatever the cause of the disaster, Mao lost esteem among many of the top party cadres. Believing that certain liberal bourgeois elements of society continued to threaten the socialist framework, groups of young people known as the The Cultural Revolution led to the destruction of much of China's traditional cultural heritage and the imprisonment of a huge number of Chinese citizens, as well as the creation of general economic and social chaos in the country.